Promotion of Agro-forestry Environmental Education
is the pathway to biodiversity conservation. It has
always been the mainstay of traditional farming in
Cameroon and with climate change and soil biodiversity
loss it is even more vital. Trees play a crucial role in
almost all terrestrial ecosystems and provide a range of
products and services to rural and urban people. As
natural vegetation is cleared for agriculture and other
types of development, the benefits that trees provide
are best sustained by integrating trees into
agriculturally productive soils
Recently many people are realizing that agroforestry can enrich biodiversity. Trees add to the diversity and complexity of plant communities and provide shelter and corridors for wildlife. Birds, insects and small mammals nest, feed and shelter from predators in trees, which in turn attract insects and birds that pollinate crops and destroy pests.
Planting local trees adapted to local conditions maintains the native plants (flora) and animals (fauna). Certain trees and shrubs known as fertilizer trees can fix nitrogen in the soil, and so help create an environment that maintains soil biodiversity – beneficial microorganisms underground that keep soils rich and productive.